The need to improve the competitiveness of Europe and the recent global economic crisis made leading politicians and authorities realize that it is necessary to have standard money and capital market regulations. The high number of regulations worldwide affects all businesses, including the financial industry and investors. Legislation focuses on prevention, therefore secure and transparent terms of operation are needed to eliminate earlier loopholes and allow supranational and national authorities to monitor economic processes regularly through the individual transactions. To this end market participants were required to report, among others, the trades they entered. The most important relevant European Union regulations of recent years are as follows:

  • EMIR – European Market Infrastructure Regulation
  • REMIT – Regulation of wholesale Energy Market Integrity and Transparency
  • MiFID II – Markets in Financial Instruments Directive
  • CRD IV – Capital Requirements Directive IV
  • MAD II/ MAR – Market Abuse Directive
  • ETR – Electricity Transparency Regulation